The treatment models used at the Center for trauma therapy are primarily Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Attachment, Regulation and Competency (ARC). These models follows the recommended guidelines for trauma treatment, including a multi-modal and phase based model that focuses on physical, emotional, mental and sensory issues that are interfering with the person's functioning and quality of life and directly addresses the impact of traumatic experiences.
Treatment is individualized, based on the client's needs, strengths, abilities, age, etc. The pace of treatment is provided in accordance to the tolerance of the client and has no time limits.
The 3 phases of trauma treatment involve:
1. Safety and emotional regulation. Evaluating the safety of the person and then assisting the child to learn to "feel" and "think" safe. Age appropriate education about trauma and its effects, awareness of feelings, tolerance of feelings and thoughts, awareness of body sensations, the causes of behaviors and moods and cognitive restructuring of false or inaccurate beliefs are addressed.2. Directly address and resolve the traumatic memories. Although trauma memories are introduced in the first stage of treatment and continues to be dealt with throughout the therapeutic process, it is at this stage that the core trauma-processing work is explicitly addressed. This is primarily done through writing, drawings, role playing and verbalizations.
3. Helping the child use what s/he has learned and further develop and solidify the skills and strengths needed to live a healthy and productive life. Life skills, social skills, communication techniques, problem solving techniques, developing boundaries and values are some of the common tasks addressed in this stage of treatment.
Once a comprehensive evaluation is completed and treatment at the center is determined to be appropriate, weekly sessions with the child and the parent are required. These sessions focus on addressing the core issues that cause unhealthy behaviors, thoughts and moods. The child's session focuses on the child processing and resolving trauma based difficulties as well as developing resources to improve and maintain emotional health through his or her life. The parent session assist the parent in processing their own feelings about the trauma, understanding the child's needs, resolving any barriers to meeting those needs and helping them in the development of parenting skills and interventions to help the child/family heal.